Rosh Pina was settled in 1882 by a group of pioneers from Romania, making it the first Jewish village in the Upper Galilee in modern times. Rosh Pina's lands were purchased in 1878 by Jews from Tzfat, who tried unsuccessfully to earn their livelihood as farmers.
Arabs from neighboring villages frequently attacked Jewish traffic near the town. In 1938, Betar youth member Shlomo Ben Yosef took part in a retaliatory attack. He was captured by British officers and became the first freedom fighter hung by the British. Rosh Pina residents honored his memory by setting up a monument in the local cemetery.
Rosh Pina presently numbers 1860 residents.
For information on Rosh Pina in the Partnership 2000: Palm Beach - Rosh Pina