January 1: Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, commemorates the founding of the Fatah in 1959 by planting an olive tree and a palm tree outside his Gaza office, a tradition since he returned to the Palestinian territories in 1994.
January 4: David Levy resigns as Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister due to personal distrust between him and Prime Minister Netanyahu. Netanyahu holds the foreign affairs portfolio until the appointment of Ariel Sharon on October 13, 1998.
January 4: Mideast envoy Dennis Ross will proceed with a visit to the Middle East despite the political upheaval in Israel. But he delays his visit for one day.
January 5: Netanyahu's weakened government narrowly survives the budget vote.
January 6: US Mideast envoy Dennis Ross and Prime Minister Netanyahu discuss the Palestinian autonomy. (More.)
January 7: American, Turkish and Israeli ships participate in an operation, dubbed Reliant Mermaid.
January 10: Several are hurt in an Israeli-Palestinian clash in Hebron.
January 11: In a 5-4 decision the Supreme Court refuses temporarily bar Israeli interrogators from tying a Palestinian detainee to a tilted stool with his hands cuffed behind his back, a sack over his head and loud music blasting in his ears.
January 11: Shas spiritual mentor Ovadia Yosef rules that it is permitted to pick the nose on Shabbat.
January 13: The Israeli cabinet sets tough conditions for the peace process. The document links territorial concessions demanded by the Palestinians to a 12-page list of Israeli conditions, including a crackdown on terrorist attacks against Israeli targets, the revision of anti-Israeli clauses in the PLO charter and a reduction of the Palestinian police force.
January 18: The Knesset delays a decision on a further West Bank troop redeployment until after the summit in Washington between Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and U.S. President Bill Clinton.
January 21: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meets US President Bill Clinton in an unscheduled second trip to the White House to discuss the stalled Israeli-Palestinian peace process. (More.)
January 21: Chairman Yasser Arafat arrives in Washington for talks.
January 23: Yasser Arafat rejects Israel's offer of a limited troop pullback in Israeli-occupied portions of the West Bank.
January 31: The PLO's Executive Committee issues a letter confirming that all paragraphs in the Palestinian Charter that call for the destruction of the state of Israel have been abolished.
February: The Ne'eman Committee submits its conclusions, recommending that non-Orthodox streams be given a role in the conversion process by establishing an inter-denominational conversion institute, while leaving actual conversions under the jurisdiction of the (Orthodox) Chief Rabbinate. The recommendations are endorsed by the Knesset.
February 2: Israel deploys four U.S.-made Patriot missile batteries in its southern Negev desert, as a precautionary measure in light of the current standoff between Iraq and the United Nations.
February 3: The government tries to calm the nervous public over an attack threat.
February 14: Palestinians again are attempting to juggle longstanding sentiment and political realities as they deal with the prospect of U.S. military action against Iraq.
February 15: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu warns Iraqi President Saddam Hussein that Israel will not tolerate attacks similar to ones made by Iraq during the Persian Gulf War.
March 4: Ezer Weizman is re-elected for a second term as israel's President.
March 7: Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat opens a new session of the 88-member Palestinian legislature and runs into criticism from lawmakers upset by allegations of corruption and mismanagement in his administration.
March 10: Protests break out in Hebron shortly after Israeli soldiers open fire on a van at a West Bank army roadblock, killing three Palestinian passengers and wounding at least two.
March 12: As many as 28 people are injured in clashes between stone-throwing Palestinian protesters and Israeli troops.
March 14: Infrastructure Minister Ariel Sharon, who is responsible for the 1982 deployment (Operation Peace for Galilee) of troops into south Lebanon says it is time for Israeli troops to leave, provided the Lebanese take responsibility for Israeli security.
March 17: British Foreign Minister Robin Cook on a Mideast trip demands an end to the Jewish settlement expansion.
March 18 : A hacker who calls himself "The Analyzer" penetrates computer systems at the Pentagon, NASA, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the US Naval Undersea Warfare Center. The FBI teams up with the Israel Police, who zeroes in on Ehud Tannenbaum, an 18-year-old from Hod Hasharon. After being questioned at length, he is inducted to the IDF for compulsory service.
March 19: Pressured by impending U.S. plans to announce a new Mideast peace initiative, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu says that "only Israel" will make the decisions regarding its security.
March 20: UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, during a visit in Lebanon, urges Israel and Palestinians to work with the United States to revive talks.
March 20: Six Israeli soldiers are wounded by shelling in south Lebanon.
March 24: UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan arrives in Israel.
March 28: The Egyptian government urges Chairman Yasser Arafat not to reject a U.S. peace initiative being promoted by U.S. envoy Dennis Ross. (More.)
March 29: Prime Minister Netanyahu holds talks with US Mideast envoy Dennis Ross. No new troop pullbacks will be made from the West Bank unless the Palestinians make reciprocal security pledges. (More.)
March 31: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu visits the West Bank town of Ma'aleh Adumim. He says that the only way Israel can achieve its aims is by standing firm.
March: A study released in March shows that more than half of students in grades 6 - 11 have been victims of hooliganism or harassment at school; some 23% of the boys and 6% of the girls report that they carry weapons for self-defense.
April 9: The Palestinian Authority announces the arrest of Hamas leader Rantisi.
April 13: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu orders his office to stop paying for his expensive cigars in the face of a public outcry over a newspaper report that the smoke was costing taxpayers almost $40,000 a year.
April 15: The presidents of Egypt and Syria demand that Israel withdraw unconditionally from southern Lebanon.
April 20: The US announces to hold new talks with Arafat and Netanyahu in May in London. Prime Minister Netanyahu expresses hope for a "progress" in the London talks.
April 21: Zvi Ben-Ari (Gregory Lerner), whose detention and trial became a cause celebre that created enormous resentment in the Russian-immigrant community, is convicted of fraud and bribery and sentenced to six years in prison and a 5 million shekel fine.
April 28: Prime Minister Netanyahu meets Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in Cairo. Mubarak urges Netanyahu to accept the US peace proposal.
April 29: Palestinian Minister of Higher Education Hanan Ashrawi vows that a Palestinian state will be born in 1999.
April 30: Israel celebrates 50 years of statehood.
May 2: During his visit in Israel US Vice President Al Gore warns that the Middle East peace process has reached a "critical moment."
May 4: The London Mideast talks continue into a second day.
May 5: U.S. negotiators, led by Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, give up hope for a major agreement between Israel and Palestinians during the peace talks in London.
May 5: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is to meet with his Cabinet for discussions that appear to hold the key to the future of the Mideast peace talks.
May 6: A car bomb kills the Prisons Service's chief medical officer, Dr. Ya'acov Zigelboim.
May 6: A Yeshiva student is stabbed to death in the Old City of Jerusalem.
May 7: An Arab is stabbed and wounded in a Jewish neighborhood in Jerusalem.
May 13: U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu schedule another meeting to try to resolve the impasse over the Mideast peace process.
May 14: Raising black flags of mourning and keys to homes long gone, Palestinians stream into the streets for a "March of One Million" in remembrance of their uprooting by Israel's creation 50 years ago.
May 14: U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu conclude their second meeting in two days without finding a way to break the impasse on the Middle East peace process.
May 18: U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat end their London talks on the Mideast peace process without major progress.
May 19: Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat accuses Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of intentionally prolonging the peacemaking crisis.
May 26: Jerusalem's Mayor Ehud Olmert foils attempts by Jewish settlers to make new inroads into Arab east Jerusalem, ordering the demolition of tin shacks put up by settlers overnight in the Muslim Quarter of the walled Old City.
May 25: US House Speaker Newt Gingrich heads a 25-member congressional delegation to Israel. (More.)
May 31: With the Middle East peace process stalled, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat says that he has received the go-ahead from most of the Arab states to hold an Arab summit to coordinate their efforts to move negotiations forward.
May: According to the recommendation of the Neeman Commission, a Joint Institute of Jewish Studies is set up.
May: According to figures presented to the Knesset, there is a murder every 56 hours; a rape every 12 hours; an assault every 21 minutes; and a car theft every 11 minutes.
June 4: The US Mideast peace plan is published. The government of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu appears close to accepting the U.S. plan, which would leave 40 percent of the West Bank under full or partial Palestinian control and restrict the expansion of Jewish settlements. The Palestinians already have accepted the initiative, which never has been formally unveiled but has been widely reported. U.S. officials expect a decision from Israel within days.
June 10: A Palestinian man is shot to death, surprised by Israeli troops while he and another man are planting bombs near a Jewish settlement in the Gaza strip
June 21: Over objections from the United States and the Palestinian Authority, the Israeli Cabinet approves a new development plan that will bring Jewish settlements under the direction of an "umbrella authority" run by the city of Jerusalem. (More.)
July 1: Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat says that Palestinians will defend Jerusalem "in whatever way we can" from Israel's plan to strengthen its hold on the holy city.
July 3: A tense standoff between Israeli and Palestinian troops ends without major violence after the two sides scuffled and later pointed guns at one another from hastily dug fortifications outside Jewish settlements in the southern Gaza Strip.
July 7: In an overwhelming vote of support for Palestinians amid the stalled Mideast peace process, the U.N. General Assembly passes a resolution upgrading Palestinian status to just short of statehood. The United States oppose the measure, saying it would harm peace efforts.
July 10: Secretary of State Madeleine Albright says that the United States is "patiently working" to revive the stalled Mideast peace talks, but she also concedes that "we are coming to the end" of that patience.
July 13: The US State Department announces that Israel and the Palestinians will resume direct negotiations.
July 16: Israeli businessman Nahum Manbar is convicted of selling material for the production of chemical weapons to Iran. He is sentenced to 16 years in prison for treason. (More.)
July 18: For the first time in months, high-level Israeli and Palestinian negotiators will sit down face to face, trying to break an impasse that is threatening to derail the Middle East peace process.
July 19: Israel and the Palestinians continue direct negotiations after both sides indicate they made some progress.
July 22: Israeli Defense Minister Yitzhak Mordechai urges the United States to send Middle East troubleshooter Dennis Ross to the region immediately and call a three-way U.S.-Israeli-Palestinian summit to bridge the gaps.
July 23: The Clinton administration tells Palestinian negotiators it sees no chance that Israel will accept a U.S. peace proposal for a further pullback in the West Bank.
July 24: The Palestinians agree to resume talks with Israel on day-to-day problems.
July 25: Palestinian leaders plead for US help in peace talks.
August 1: The Palestinians threaten to end the talks with Israel.
August 5: Two Jewish settlers are killed outside the Jewish settlement of Itzhar in the West Bank.
August 17: The Israeli Cabinet votes to erect a barrier along the Green Line, pre-1967 border between Israel and the West Bank.
August 18: Water emerges as the latest topic of dispute in the stagnant peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians. (More.)
August 21: Rabbi Shlomo Raanan of Hebron is stabbed to death by a Palestinian. The Israeli army seals Hebron.
August 25: Israelis and Palestinians mark the 5th anniversary of the Oslo Accords while Palestinians, Jewish settlers and Israeli soldiers clash in the divided West Bank town of Hebron.
August 27: A small bomb explodes in Tel Aviv, near the main synagogue, injuring at least 20 people.
August 28: Hebron youths throw rocks after the curfew is lifted.
September 1: Israelis and Palestinians blame each other for their failure to reach an agreement on Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank.
September 2: The deaths of two Palestinian children are blamed on the curfew Israel imposed on Hebron.
September 6: An Israeli court rules that a U.S. teenager wanted for murder in the United States can be extradited despite his claim of Israeli citizenship.
September 11: Two leading figures of the military wing of Hamas are killed in a shoot-out with Israeli troops near Hebron.
September 12: At least 16 Palestinians and an Israeli soldier are injured in street clashes triggered by the slaying by Israeli forces of two top militants of the Islamic group Hamas.
September 20: US Mideast envoy Dennis Ross starts an 11-day Mideast shuttle.
September 24: A bomb explodes at a Jerusalem bus-stop during morning rush hours, injuring an Israeli soldier and wrecking the station's shelter.
September 25: Former US President Jimmy Carter marks the Camp David anniversary. "The Israeli mothers want peace, the Palestinian mothers want peace, Lebanese mothers want peace and Syrian mothers want peace," Carter says. "To me that's the foundation of hope." (More.)
September 28: Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu hold their first face-to-face meeting in nearly a year. (More.)
September 29: Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat is willing to accept a joint security arrangement over a small portion of the 13 percent of land in the West Bank that Israel has agreed in principle to turn over to Palestinian authorities.
October 6: U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright starts a three-way meeting with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat.
October 8: Palestinians stage a general strike and clash with Israeli forces in Hebron to protest an eight-day blockade of the divided West Bank town and a curfew in the downtown area.
October 11: A forest fire spreads to a residential area forcing thousands of Israelis in a suburb of Haifa to flee their homes.
October 13: Two Palestinian militants kill an Israeli and wound another critically near Jerusalem.
October 14: The Mideast summit begins at the Wye River Conference Centers in Maryland, US. It is aimed at breaking a 19-month stalemate in the peace process.
October 16: The summit continues.
October 17: Israel's new foreign minister, Ariel Sharon, makes his diplomatic debut when he and Israeli Defense Minister Yitzhak Mordechai join Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at the Mideast summit. (More.)
October 18: U.S. President Bill Clinton on hopes to forge an agreement among Israeli and Palestinian leaders that will lead to a long-sought interim Mideast peace deal. (More.)
October 18: Behind the scenes of the summit.
October 19: A Palestinian man throws two hand grenades near a crowded bus-stop in Beersheva. At least 66 people are injured in the attack. US spokesman at the peace talks, James Rubin, publishes a statement in behalf of Prime Minister Netanyahu and Chairman Arafat: "We agree not to give in to efforts of extremists to destroy the hope for peace and security for both our peoples."
October 19: The Middle East peace talks in Wye Mills continue.
October 21: The framework of a Middle East interim peace agreement is taking shape.
October 22: Israel and the Palestinians reach an interim accord which will be called the Wye River Memorandum.
October 24: Jewish settlers protest the new Middle East peace accord. (More.)
October 26: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu loses the first of several expected political battles over the new interim peace accord with the Palestinians. The extreme rightwing Moledet party submits a non-confidence motion.
October 27: Israel and Jordan sign an agricultural cooperation agreement that will initiate a model project in which Awassi sheep from Israel, along with the appropriate technology and equipment, will be sent to Jordan to establish a herd in the southern part of that country. The aim is to improve the genetic composition of the sheep and the yield of sheep's milk and dairy products.
October 29: A Palestinian motorist drives a car into an Israeli convoy of army jeeps and a school bus in the Gaza Strip and detonates explosives, killing himself and an Israeli man. (More.)
October 30: Hours after a Palestinian suicide bomber attempts to blow up a busload of Jewish settler children, Yasser Arafat launches an unprecedented crackdown on Islamic militants. Sheikh Yassin, the spiritual leader of Hamas, is put under house arrest.
October 31: Israel and the US sign a pact to counter the Mideast weapon buildup.
November 1: The Hamas threatens the Palestinian Authority in response to the crackdown in their activities.
November 4: Israel insists on the arrest of 30 Palestinians.
November 5: Following three delays Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu convenes his Cabinet to begin the process of approving the U.S.-brokered land-for-security deal with the Palestinians.
November 6: A blast in central Jerusalem leaves two suspected bombers dead and at least 20 people injured, threatening the Middle East peace process.
November 7: Palestinian security officials arrest several members of the militant Islamic Jihad group, blaming them for the attack. The Israeli Cabinet delays action on a new peace accord following the violence.
November 7: Prime Minister Netanyahu vows to build more settlements in Jerusalem, including Har Homa.
November 9: Prime Minister Netanyahu delays the phased withdrawal of soldiers from 13 percent of West Bank land. (More.)
November 11: More than 10,000 Jewish settlers and their political supporters rally against the Wye River Memorandum.
November 12: In a move seen as an attempt to ease strident domestic opposition to the land-for-peace agreement with the Palestinians, 1,025 homes will be built in the Har Homa neighborhood in east Jerusalem.
November 14: The Palestinians mark the 10th anniversary of the PLO's declaration of independence. Speaking before a crowd of thousands, Palestinian is greeted by cheers when he says he will declare an independent state when the Oslo Peace accords expire in May 1999.
November 15: Israeli police close down a theater in Arab East Jerusalem and station troops outside to prevent a Palestinian political gathering.
November 16: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu suspends a further troop withdrawal from the West Bank because of Yasser Arafat's threat to declare Palestinian independence.
November 17: The Knesset approves the Wye River agreement by a vote of 75-19, with nine abstentions. (More.)
November 17: Israeli and Palestinian negotiators meet to try to conclude an agreement on a land route for Palestinians between the West Bank and Gaza.
November 20: Israel withdraws its troops from parts of the West Bank and frees dozens of Palestinian prisoners. (More.)
November 21: Palestinians say that only 100 of the 250 released were political prisoners, while the rest were common criminals.
November 24 : The Gaza International Airport is opened in Rafah at the Egyptian-Gaza Strip border.
November 27: The pro-Iranian Hezbollah group claims responsibility for the ambush, which brings the number of Israeli soldiers killed in the region to seven in the past 11 days alone. Prime Minister Netanyahu cuts short his trip to Europe.
November 27: Israeli troops and Palestinians clash in Hebron.
November 28: Israel launches an air and artillery strike against Hezbollah positions in southern Lebanon, while under intense pressure to retaliate for the recent killing of several soldiers.
November 28: Violent clashes between Israeli authorities and Palestinian demonstrators break out in three cities, as Palestinians demanding the release of prisoners from Israeli jails hold a series of demonstrations in the West Bank and Jerusalem.
November 29: The Israeli Cabinet calls for retaliation against Lebanon.
November 29: The Palestinian Legislative Council calls for an emergency meeting following a second day of disputes between Israelis and Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
November 30: The public pressure for a withdrawal from Lebanon mounts.
November 30: US President Bill Clinton meets with Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat.
December 1: Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat says he reserves the right to declare a Palestinian state in May 1999, even if Israelis and Palestinians fail to reach a final peace agreement.
December 1: The testimony of an Israeli interrogator confirms what human rights organizations and Palestinian detainees have long contended, that Israeli interrogators are using force to try to extract information from Palestinian suspects.
December 2: In the wake of the latest outbreak of violence in the West Bank, the Israeli Cabinet decides to suspend any further troop withdrawals until the Palestinian Authority meets a new set of conditions.
December 2: An Arab man is stabbed to death in Jerusalem.
December 4: The Palestinians say they will proceed with the Wye accord.
December 5: Palestinian protesters and Israeli troops clash in the West Bank.
December 6: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu accuses Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat of "making a farce" of the Wye accords.
December 7: In a sharp disagreement with Israel, the Clinton administration insists that a pullback of soldiers from the West Bank must proceed on time despite recent violence by Palestinians.
December 8: U.S. Middle East envoy Dennis Ross shuttles between Israeli and Palestinian leaders to salvage their land-for-security agreement.
December 9: Palestinians stage a general strike and hurl stones at Israelis throughout the West Bank on the 11th anniversary of the start of the intifada, or uprising, against Israeli occupation.
December 9: Israeli soldiers shoot and kill a Palestinian teenager during violent protests near a Jewish settlement outside Ramallah.
December 10: Prime Minister Netanyahu says he has ordered an Israeli crackdown on Palestinian unrest ahead of the visit by U.S. President Clinton aimed at fostering peace.
December 12: US President Bill Clinton starts a three-day trip to the Middle East.
December 13: President Bill Clinton addresses students in Jerusalem: "There are 12 million Jews in the world, driven from their homeland, subject to holocausts, subject to centuries of prejudice. And yet, here you are. If you can do this after 4,000 years, you can make this peace."
December 14: US President holds a joint meeting at the Israeli-Gaza border with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat. (More.)
December 14: Rising from their seats and voting by raising their hands, the Palestine National Council votes nearly unanimously to remove clauses from the Palestine Liberation Organization charter that call for the destruction of Israel.
December 16: Israel confirms it will not proceed with further handovers of West Bank land as scheduled under the Wye River land-for-security deal.
December 16: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announces he will call early elections if Israel's parliament fails to support his Middle East peace policies.
December 17: The Israeli army announces it will deploy U.S.-supplied Patriot anti-missile systems, if necessary, and urges the public to make sure they have working gas masks.
December 20: The Cabinet's vote - unanimous except for one abstention - affirms Netanyahu's position not to withdraw more troops from the West Bank until the Palestinians meet certain demands.
December 21: The Knesset votes 81 to 30 to approve the first reading of a bill calling for new general elections. The bill must survive two more readings, but the wide margin of support virtually ensures it will pass. (More.)
December 23: Violence escalates along the Israeli-Lebanese border. Rockets are fired.
December 24: Hundreds of Palestinians and tourists are on hand in Bethlehem to welcome the annual Christmas Eve procession of Latin Patriarch, the region's top Roman Catholic cleryman.
December 24: Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israel's top soldier until five months ago, formally retires from the army and clears the way to form a centrist party to challenge Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
December 27: The Likud Party of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meets to set a date for its primary ahead of next year's general election. Uzi Landau, a hard-line Likud ideologue, announces he will challenge Netanyahu for the party's leadership.
December 28: Benjamin Begin, the son of Israel's Nobel Prize-winning Prime Minister Menachem Begin, announces his candidacy for prime minister.
December 29: The Israeli army demolishes two Palestinian homes.
December 31: The U.S. Embassy in Tel Aviv is closed after receiving a "credible and specific" threat.
December: A group of MKs who have left the Likud, the Labor Party, and Tzomet, form the Center Party.
The last native speaker of Bijil Neo-Aramaic dies in Jerusalem.