March 2: After secret negotiations in Baghdad with the Iraqi prime minister, Tawfiq al-Suwaidi, Shlomo Hillel and Mordechai Ben-Porat succeed on the basis of a cash payment, in securing a law, which allows Iraqi Jews to emigrate to Israel. The Bill is introduced to the Iraqi government on 2 March and will become operational a week later. Jews are permitted to emigrate but their property is confiscated and they have to give up Iraqi citizenship.
April 27: The number of immigrants residing in camps reaches 100.000.
May 18: The airborne emigration of Jews from Iraq to Israel begins.
May 18: The Government and the Jewish Agency decide on the establishment of Ma'abarot (immigrant transit camps).
September 24: Operation Magic Carpet is completed.
The Kiryat Yearim Youth Aliyah Village is established near Jerusalem.
In 1950, nearly 170,000 immigrants arrive in Israel. 62 Ma'abarot house 93,000 newcomers. Another 40,000 immigrants are housed in other temporary camps.
Chairman of the Jewish Agency Executive: Berl Locker.
Chairman of the Executive of the World Zionist Organization - Jewish Agency, American Section: Nahum Goldmann .
Treasurer of the Jewish Agency: Levi Eshkol.
Chairman Youth Aliyah Department: Moshe Kol.
Chairman Settlement Department: Levi Eshkol.
Chairman of the Immigration Department: Yitzhak Rafael.
Chairman Absorption Department: Yehuda Braginski and Zvi Herman.
January: Israel is among the first non-communist states to recognize the People's Republic of China. Diplomatic relations between the two countries are not established.
January: Jordan confers citizenship on all Arabs of the West Bank, including Jerusalem.
January 23 : Jerusalem is declared the capital of Israel.
February 4: The "Garden City," Ramat Gan is declared a city. It began as an agricultural settlement near Tel Aviv in 1921. Ramat Gan is called a garden city because it preserves 25% of its area as green areas.
February 6: Egyptian Decree Regarding Navigation in the Suez Canal.
February 20: Statement on Jerusalem by Israeli UN Ambassador Abba Eban.
February 28: An airport is opened in Eilat.
March 13: The Israeli government is transfered to Jerusalem. The Knesset convenes in the Froumine building.
March 14: The Knesset passes the Absentees' Property Law. Within the next 10 years, this law will transfer between 3.200 and 4.600 square kilometers of Arab-owned land to Jewish ownership. The government insists that the law grants rather leases than titles to land or houses. In 1953, Martin Buber will write in a letter protesting the law: "We know well, however, that in numerous cases land is expropriated not on grounds of security, but for other reasons, such as expansion of existing settlements, etc. These grounds do not justify a Jewish legislative body in placing the seizure of land under the protection of law. In some densely populated villages, two thirds and even more of the land have been seized."
March 29 : The Knesset passes the Crime of Genocide (Prevention and Punishment) Law The maximum punishment is death.
April: The Council of the Arab League adopts a resolution forbidding its members to conclude peace with Israel.
April 4: Jordan annexes the West Bank, including East Jerusalem.
April 24: The Soviet Union reverses its position and no longer supports the 1949 UN resolution calling for the internationalization of Jerusalem (9 December 1949). "It has become clear that the General Assembly resolution does not satisfy the Arab of Jewish population of either Jerusalem of Palestine as a whole."
Jordan annexes the West Bank of the Palestine territories (including the Old City of Jerusalem) occupied by the Arab Legion. The states of the Arab League refuse to recognize the annexation and call it illegal.
April 27: Britain formally recognizes the State of Israel and the annexation of the West Bank by Jordan.
May: Egypt closes the Suez Canal to Israeli ships and commerce.
May 25: The U. S., Britain, and France issue a Tripartite Declaration expressing their opposition to the use of force of threats between Israel and its Arab neighbors and guaranteeing the existing armistice lines.
June: Israel joins the 45 nations who vote for UN sanctions against North Korea in response to its invasion of South Korea. A wave of anti-Israel propaganda ensues in the Soviet Union, the press calling Israel a satellite of Western imperialism.
June 5: United Nations Palestine Refugee Aid Act.
June 13: The Knesset decides that the country's constitution will consist of a series of basic laws.
June 17: The Arab states sign the "Treaty of Joint Defense and Economic Corporation Between the States of the Arab League."
June 21: The port of Eilat is opened with the arrival of a ship from Aden containing religious objects of the Yemenite Jews.
June 29: The state budget for 1950-51 is finally approved.
July 5 : Israel enacts the Law of Return, which guarantees the right of every Jew to immigrate to israel and to become a citizen immediately upon arrival. An Israeli citizen is allowed to retain the previous nationality.
July: The Swedish government announces the exchange of notes with Israel over the assassination of Count Folke Bernadotte in Jerusalem and considers the case as closed.
July: Prime Minister David Ben Gurion and Jacob Blaustein, president of the American Jewish Committee, clarify the relationship between Israel and American Jews. Israel recognizes the full independence of the American Diaspora and of aliyah as a free choice of each American Jew.
July 31 : Israel announces the rationing of clothing and footwear. Public resentment results in a consumer revolt and a thriving black market.
The Knesset passes the Development Authority (Transfer of Property) Law.
September 6: A decision is made to float the first State of Israel Bond issue in the United States with the aim of aiding Israel in developing its economic infrastructure and absorbing the immigrants.
September 24: The Israeli Army Radio (Galei Zahal) starts broadcasting.
September 27: After a hiatus of 15 years, the 3rd Maccabiah opens in Tel Aviv.
September 30: A new economic program is announced by the government.
September: Israel and Great Britain sign an air pact. Lod becomes an important link in the air communication of the British Commonwealth. El Al is allowed to operate a Lod - America service via London.
September: The UN Palestine Conciliation Committee, consisting of France, Turkey and the U. S., reports to the General Assembly that Israel wants to negotiate directly, the Arabs want to negotiate indirectly; Arabs condition the negotiations upon Israel receiving back and compensating refugees, while Israel is ready to take 100.000 refugees as part of a peace settlement; Arabs insist on the reversion to partition borders, while Israel wants to maintain the existing borders.
September: India recognizes Israel de facto and de jure.
October 3: Prime Minister David Ben Gurion heads an anti-black market campaign. He appeals to the public to end such purchase practices.
October 15: A government crisis erupts over David Ben Gurion's decision to dismantle the ministry of supply and rationing and to appoint a business figure as minister of commerce and industry. The United Religious Front is opposed. Ben Gurion and the government resign. President Dr. Chaim Weizmann assigns Ben Gurion the task to form a new government.
October 17: Ben Gurion forms a minority government consisting of Mapai (7 ministers) and the Sephardi Party (1 minister). The Knesset does not approve.
October 19: President Weizmann assigns Pinhas Rosen of the Progressives the task to form a government.
October 23 : The UN Palestine Conciliation Commission issues a supplemental report. It recommends that Jews and Arabs should engage in direct negotiations for peace under the auspices of the UN, and the return of as many Arabs refugees to Israel as would be consistent with their own best interests, payment of compensation to those who did not return, and their resettlement in Arab countries with UN technical and financial assistance.
October: Only one third of the hoped housing units are built.
November 2: David Ben Gurion forms a new government.
The U. S. demands that Israel pays compensation to the Arab refugees.
November 3: UN General Assmbly Resolution 377 A, B, C.
November 14: First municipal elections in Israel. There is a large drop for Mapai and a gain for the General Zionists.
December 2: UN General Assembly Resolution 393 (V).
December 5: Sweden proposes an international regime for the holy places.
December 14: UN General Assembly Resolution 394.
December: A confrontation between Jordan and Israel at the Km 78 point on the road to Eilat is mediated by UN observers.
Menachem Begin writes "The Revolt", an account of his underground activities as leader of Etzel.
The publication of a scholarly encyclopedia of the Bible begins in Jerusalem.
Israeli scholar Yitzhak Heinemann (1876-1957) publishes "The Ways of Midrash", a comprehensive study of rabbinical methods of interpretation.
A population census brings the following results: 1, 029,000 Jews and more than 150,000 Arabs.