Simon the Just to life under Hellenistic domination
 
 
 
   
 

Year/Time Frame

 

 

Canaan/Eretz Israel

 

 

Jews Elsewhere

 

 

Jewish Culture

 

 

General History

 

 

3rd Century BCE

 

 

 

 

 

Jewish population,   Jerusalem: -120,000

 

 

300

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

290

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

279

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

278

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

275

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

272

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

270

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

261

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

260

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3rd Century  BCE 250

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

246

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Simon the Just. (300-270)

 

 

One of the last Men of the Great Assembly. Repaired Temple and fortified Jerusalem.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New arrivals in Egypt settled in garrison towns, Alexandria. Given freedom by Ptolemy Philadelphus. Became thoroughly Hellenized.

 

 

 

 

 

Seleucis induces Jews to settle new cities, e.g. Antioch, he founded in Asia and Syria. Antioch Jews form a special political body.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ptolemy II (re)builds cities such as Acco, Beth Shean, Rabbat Amman (Philadelphia)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greeks attracted to cities on Mediterranean coast, Transjordan; Jerusalem, Judean villages relatively un- Hellenized.

 

 

 

 

 

Jews autonomous; pay taxes to Greek overlord.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poor farmers driven to slavery due to heavy land tax organized by Jerusalem priesthood.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Egypt's Jews live largely in W. Delta, bear Greek names, and pray in Synagogues.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greek historian Hecataeus, recalls Exodus and Israelite receiving divine laws, according to Greek interpretations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group of Aramaic texts, Enoch I, describes astronomical structure of sky- anticipates lunar calendar, to become major source of contention among Jewish sects. [a]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hellenistic norm of Pledging property for personal credit entrenched in Jewish law.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ptolemy II commissions 72 scholars to translate the Torah (5 books of Moses) into Greek, known as Septuagint, served Greek- speaking Jews for centuries.

 

 

 

 

 

10 commandments and Shema identifies as Jewish prayer forms in 2nd century BCE Egyptian papyrus.

 

 

 

 

 

Prayer becomes increasingly the major form of Jewish worship- even in land of Israel.

 

 

 

 

 

Hellenistic Jews engage in pagan practices even as they observe Jewish worship.

 

 

Chinese Tao teaches about relationships between good and evil, life and death.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manetho, Egyptian priest, writes history of Egypt in Greek. 2nd millenium Hyksos identified as Hebrews.

 

 

Gauls invade Asia Minor after repulsion by Greeks at Delphi

 

 

 

 

 

Archimedes (287-212)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ptolemy II defends rule against Seleucids

 

 

(1st Syrian War 274-272)

 

 

Mauryan king Asoka, adopts Buddhism; attempts to supercede cast hierarchy in India.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

264-First Punic War- Rome against Cartage

 

 

 

 

 

2nd Syrian War- against Seleucids and Macedonians.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ptolemies introduce foot-driven potter's wheel and semi enclosed longer- lasting oil lamp.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ptolemy III in Egypt. 3rd Syrian war for control of Syro- Eretz Israel, against Seleucus II.

 

 

 
   
 
 

 

 

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