6th Century BCE 598
Jewish population: 150,000
Destruction of Jerusalem
6th Century BCE 539
After death of Jehoakim, Nebuchadnezzar sends away to suppress Judah.
Jehoachin and priests (including Ezekiel) exiled to Babylon. Zedekiah appointed king.
Zedekiah rebels against Babylon, against Jeremiah's advice.
Babylonian siege of Jerusalem, destruction of other Judean towns.
Siege intensifies. Babylonians break into city and exile King Zedekiah.
Destruction of Jerusalem. Temple destroyed. Judean officials executed or exiled together with thousands of Judeans. Judah becomes province of Babylon. [b]
Murder of Gedalia, Governor of remaining Jews in Judah. Jewish Babylonian supporters flee to Egypt- with Jeremiah.
More Judeans exiled in reprisal for assassination.
Some Judeans and northern Israelites continue to make offerings in the ruins of the Temple.
Jehoachin released by Babylon after death of Nebuchadnezzar
Jewish settlement in Egypt begins.
The exiled Judeans settle near Babylon and create a community.
Ezekiel prophesies of visit of God in heavenly chariot (source of mystical speculation). Foresees siege, even as he calls for repentance. [a]
Habaebuk asserts that G-d would destroy Jerusalem (Himself) for violations of the covenant.
Ezekiel comforts the Babylonian exiles with prophecy of the :Dry Bones".
Isaiah the Prophet has predicted Cyrus' victories as a means for the Babylonian exiles to return to their homeland to fulfill their mission to be "a light unto the nations." (Isaiah 45:6) (1)
Athens: Solon promulgates reforms including abolition of indentured slavery and inclusion of poor in electorate. (593)
Mahabharrata, Great Hindu Epic, contains 220,000 lines. (600)
Beginnings of Tao religion.
Babylonian throne seizes by Nabonidus, an Armenian and taken over by Belshazar. (see book of Daniel) [c]
(556) Greek services proliferate in Mediterranean.
Cyrus the Great, King of Persia (559-530) defeats Babylon.