1. The world is judged (i.e sentenced) in four groupings:
    • on Pesach for produce;
    • on Shavuot for fruit;
    • on Succot for water;
    • while, on Rosh Hashanah, each person is judged and inscribed individually - with the inscription sealed on Yom Kippur.
      ( Rosh Hashanah : Mishnah 1:2 and Talmud 16a)
  2. Rosh Hashanah, the Day of Judgement: 'Repentance, prayer and charity can mitigate the sentence'.
  3. 'Sound [the shofar] on the New Moon, on the day appointed as our festival' (Psalm 8:14).
  4. The five names given to the festival are:
    • Rosh Hashanah (New Year)
    • Judgement Day
    • Day of Remembrance
    • Day of 'Sounding'
    • Kesseh.
  5. Rosh Hashanah is a two day festival (one day mentioned in the Torah).
  6. The Akedah - Binding of Isaac - the merit of the Patriarchs.
  7. Prayers.
  8. Festive meal.
    • Food associated with the Festival:
    • apple dipped in honey,
    • head of the fish (or sheep…),
    • pomegranates,
    • dates,
    • sweetened carrots.
  9. Tashlich prayer.
  10. According to Rabbi Eliezer (Talmud Rosh Hashanah 10b),on Rosh Hashanah:
    • (a) G-d completed His Creation of the world (the Sixth Day) with the creation of man;
    • (b) Sarah, Rachel and Hannah conceived (they were childless, and on this day G-d remembered them, so that they could give birth);
    • (c) Joseph was released from prison;
    • (d) The decree of excessive hard labor imposed on our ancestors in Egypt was abolished, i.e., the beginning of their liberation.


 

 

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02 Jan 2006 / 2 Tevet 5766 0