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1994            

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chairman of the Jewish Agency: Yehiel Leket.

Head of Youth Aliya of the Jewish Agency: Yehiel Leket.

February 14: Jewish Agency Chairman Simcha Dinitz is indicted for fraud, breach of trust and other charges. He leaves as chairman as a result of the indictment.

The Jewish Agency's Israel Department launchesPartnership 2000 together with United Jewish Communities and Keren Hayesod/UIA. Partnership 2000 links Jewish communities abroad and regions in Israel in a mutual effort to strengthen Israeli society while promoting unity and Jewish identity.

New immigrants in 1994: 79,844.

 

January 9: Lecturers at the universities begin a general strike and demand the doubling of their salary.

January 13: Chief of the Central Command, Nehemia Tamari, his aide-decamp, and two other pilots are killed in a helicopter crash.

January 16: US President Bill Clinton and Syrian President Hafez al-Assad in Geneva.

January 17: Israel wants a referendum to decide upon the withdrawal from the Golan Heights.

January 30: PLO leader Yasser Arafat and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres negotiate in Davos, Switzerland, and agree that the self-adminstration area around Jericho will constitute 50 square kilometers.

February: Stocks in the Tel Aviv Stock Exchanges fall sharply following reports of stock manipulation by bank officials and others. Investors occur heavy losses.

February 2: The rightist Tzomet party splits. Three of its MKs form a new movement, Ye'ud (Vocation), with a similar ideology.

February 6: Minister of Health Chaim Ramon resigns in protest against the government's rejection of the national health law that he has proposed.

February 7: A Hezbollah ambush in southern Lebanon causes 4 IDF fatalities and 5 wounded.

February 10 - 13: A series of violent terrorist acts include the murder of a citrus grower in Rehovot by a Palestinian worker; the murder by Islamic Jihad terrorists of a taxi driver; and the murder of Shabak operative Noam Cohen by a Hamas terrorist in Ramallah.

February 16: The Jerusalem district court delivers its verdict in the Bankers' Trial (the bank-share manipulation of 1983): 14 senior benk executives are convicted and 2 are acquitted.

February 25: A settler from Kiryat Arba, Dr. Baruch Goldstein, fires indiscriminately at Palestinians praying at the Makhpelah Cave, killing 29 and wounding many others. After being subdued with a fire extinguisher, Goldstein is beaten to death by survivors. Shock is registered in Israel. The Arabs in the occupied territories, in Israel and in the Arab world are incensed. Arabs riot in Jaffa, the Galilee, and the Negev. The peace talks with the PLO and with Syria are in crisis. Hamas and Islamic Jihad leaders call for "new dimensions of revenge." Yasser Arafat condemns the massacre and proclaims the way of peace and justice. He demands the removal of the settlers from Hebron.

February 27: The government announces the formation of a commission of inquiry into the massacre of Hebron, headed by Chief Justice Meir Shamgar.

March 4 - 5: A weekend of unrest in the occupied territories passes in the wake of the massacre in Hebron.

March 8: The commission of inquiry on the Hebron massacre convenes, headed by Supreme Court Chief Justice Meir Shamgar and composed of Supreme Court Justice Eliezer Goldberg, former chief of staff Moshe Levy, District Court Judge Abd al-Rahman Zu'abi, and President of the Open University Prof. Menahem Ya'ari.

March 17: Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin has an audience with Pope John Paul II in the Vatican.

March 18: The UN Security Council censures the massacre in Hebron.

March 23 - 25: The Rabbi Uzi Meshulam affair begins. A group of Yemenites barricade themselves in a house in the town of Yehud and shoot at anyone who approaches. They demand the establishment of a commission of inquiry into the disappearance of Yemenite Jewish children in the early days of the state.

March 29: Three rabbis regarded as eminent halakhic authorities in the religious Zionist camp (Chief Rabbi Avraham Shapira, Rabbi Moshe-Zvi Neria of the Bnei Akiva movement, and Rabbi Shaul Yisraeli) rule that IDF soldiers must disobey orders to evacuate Jews from Hebron should sich orders be issued.

April 3: The university lecturer strike ends. Students at several universities refuse to resume studies unless academic requirements for the semester are eased in light of the three-month strike.

April 6: A booby-trapped car explodes near a bus in Afula, killing eigth passengers and wounding many others.

April 6: The government decides to implement a prolonged closure of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

April 6: The IDF hands over an installation to Palestinian control in Gaza, marking the start of a gradual evacuation.

April 13: A suicide bomber explodes a device in a bus in Hadera, killing five passengers and wounding 30.

April 24: Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin arrives in Moscow and is received with a full military ceremony.

April 26: The dollar breaks through the 3-shekel mark.

April 29: In Paris, Israeli and Palestinian representatives sign a "Protocol on Economic Relations between the Government of Israel and the PLO".

Mai 4: Israel and the PLO sign an agreement in Cairo implementing Palestinian self-administration in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.

May 7: Former chief of staff Chaim Bar Lev dies aged 70.

May 10: The police trap and capture Rabbi Uzi Meshulam. His followers surrender the next day after a gunfight. A large store of weapons is discovered in the group's home base in Yehud.

May 13: Jericho is turned over to Palestinian control.

May 17: The evacuation of the IDF from the Gaza Strip is completed.

May 21: An Israeli force in Lebanon kidnaps a leader of the Shi'ite Amal movement, Mustafa Dirani, responsible for handing over Israeli navigator Ron Arad to the Iranians.

May: The Tel Aviv Stock Exchange continues to fall.

June 1: The Knesset ratifies the appointment of Dr. Ephraim Sneh as minister of health.

June 2: Israeli planes attack Hezbollah bases in Lebanon. They respond by firing Katyusha missiles at the Galilee.

June 4: Maccabi Haifa wins the country's soccer game championship. It has won 39 games consecutively.

June 26: The Shamgar Commission investigating the Hebron massacre publishes its findings: Baruch Goldstein acted alone and, moreover, his actions could not have been predicted. The commission recommends the separation of Jews and Arabs worshippers at the cave.

July 1: PLO chairman Yasser Arafat arrives in Gaza for his first visit.

July 5: Chaim Ramon is elected the 11th chairman of the Histadrut.

July 5: Yasser Arafat arrives in Jericho.

July 5: MK Tawfiq Zayyad of Hadash is killed in a car accident on his way back from the reception for Arafat in Jericho.

July 5: The IDF and the South Lebanon Army (SLA) are attacked repeatedly in southern Lebanon.

July 7: In two terrorist incidents, the body of a soldier who had been kidnapped and murdered is discovered. A young girl is shot and killed near Kiryat Arba.

July 12: Arafat, his wife, and high-ranking PLO leaders relocate to Gaza from Tunis.

July 17: Mass rioting erupts among Palestinian workers at the Erez checkpoint at the entrance to the Gaza Strip as a result of the long waiting time to pass into Israel due to rigorous searches for terrorists. Two Palestinians are kileld and some 100 are wounded; one Israelis killed and some 20 are wounded; 150 buses are torched. Israeli and Palestinian forces exchange fire.

July 25: A summit meeting at the White House in Washington is attended by President Bill Clinton, Prime Minister Rabin, and King Hussein of Jordan. They sign the Washington Declaration and with it he state of belligerency between Israel and Jordan is ended.

July 26: A booby-trapped car explodes near the Israeli embassy in London, wounding 13 persons. All Israeli embassies are place on alert.

August 3: King Hussein of Jordan flies over Israel escorted by three Israeli Air Force fighter planes in an aerial salute.

August 5: A barrage of 20 Katyusha missiles lands in the Western Galilee, resulting in three persons wounded and heavy damage.

August 8: The first border crossing point between Israel and Jordan is inaugurated in the Arava region north of Eilat.

August 14: One Israeli is killed and seven others are wounded in a terrorist attack at the Kisufim junction near the Gaza Strip.

August 16: The government and the Bank of Israel announce that stock market profits will be taxed. The move elicits harsh criticism for its timing with the market at a low point.

August 18: Prof. Yeshayahu Leibowitz, one of the country's most eminent thinkers, dies aged 91.

August 24: An agreement is signed in Cairo handing over authority for health, education, as well as other areas to the Palestinians in the West Bank and in Gaza.

August 26: Hamas terrorists employed at a construction site in Ramleh without a work permit murder two Israeli co-workers.

September: Terrorist incidents in southern Lebanon continue.

September 10 - 20: Golan settlement leaders hold a hunger strike in Gamla to protest the government's intention to return the Golan to Syria if a peace treaty is concluded with that country.

September 29: Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and King Hussein of Jordan meet at the king's palace in Aqaba to discus security, border, and water issues. Present are Chief of Staff Ehud Barak, Jordanian Prime Minister Abd al-Salam al-Majali, and high-ranking government figures from both sides.

October 31: he Duke of Edinburgh attends a ceremony in Israel where his late mother, Princess Alice of Battenberg is honoured as "Righteous among the Nations" for sheltering Jewish families from the Nazis in Athens, during World War II.

October 9: Two Palestinian terrorists shoot at pedestrians indiscriminately in the Nahlat Shivah quarter in Jerusalem, killing two - a woman soldier and an Arab resident from East Jerusalem - and wounding 12. Israeli forces kill the two terrorists and capture a third.

October 9: A soldier, Nahshon Wachsman, is kidnapped by Hamas terrorists and held as a hostage. A video is received in Israel on October 11 demanding the release of terrorist leaders held by Israel. The deadline given is October 14 at 9 p.m.

October 14: An attempt to rescue Nahshon Wachsman, who is held in a village near Ramallah, fails. The kidnappers kill him at the start of a gunfight, during which an Israeli commando officer, Nir Poraz, is also killed.

October 19: A disaster occurs in Tel Aviv when a suicide bomber blows himself up on a No. 5 Dan bus near Dizengoff Square, causing 24 fatalities and the wounding of dozens of other persons. (Prime Minister Rabin's remarks on the bombing.)

October 26: The Israeli-Jordanian peace agreement is signed in a ceremony at Ein-Evrona along the border north of Eilat in the presence of US President Bill Clinton.

October 27 - 28: President Bill Clinton and Mrs. Clinton visit Israel.

October 29: A Hezbollah force attacks and penetrates an IDF fortification in southern Lebanon, killing one Israeli soldier and wounding two.

November 3: Turkish Prime Minister Tansu Ciller visits Israel.

November 7: The Khalil Al-Rahman Mosque (Makhpela cave) reopens for worshippers for the first time since the massacre in late February. Security arrangements are extensive.

November 10: King Hussein pays his first public visit to Israel.

November 11: A suicide bomber attack at the Netzarim junction results in the death of three reserve officers.

December 10: The Nobel Peace Prizes for 1994 are rewarded in Oslo, to Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, PA Chairman Yasser Arafat, and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres.

December 11: Israel and Jordan open embassies in Amman and Tel Aviv, respectively.

December 14: An IDF reserve soldier loses his way in Ramallah, becomes entangled in a Palestinian street parade, and narrowly escapes being lynched. The fact that he avoided using his weapon elicits mixed reactions in Israel.

December 19 - 23: A series of terrorist incidents in southern Lebanon claim the lives of 4 IDF soldiers, with 11 wounded.

December 25: A suicide bomber blows himself up alongside a bus carrying Israeli soldiers in Jerusalem, resulting in 13 wounded.

December: Inflation in 1994 is higher than in the preceding two years: 14.5%.

 

 

March 22: Steven Spielberg's Holocaust drama "Schindler's List" receives seven Academy Awards.

April 20: Paul Touvier is found guilty of ordering the execution of 7 Jews when he was serving in the Vichy France Milice.

June 12: The Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menahem Mendel Schneerson, dies aged 92. The Hasidic Chabad community is in shock. Some claim he will reappear as the Messiah.

July 18: The AMIA (Argentine Jewish Mutual Association) Jewish Community Center in Buenos Aires is bombed. 87 people are killed, and over 200 injured.

August 17: Nobel Prize laureate, Bulgarian-born German-speaking novelist Elias Canetti dies. He is buried next to James Joyce.

December 1: A lone Lebanese terrorist kills Ari Halberstam on an attack on 14 Jewish Students on the Brooklyn Bridge.

Martin Rodbell and Alfred G. Gilman are awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

George A. Olah is awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

John C. Harsanyi is awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics.

 
 
   
 
 

 

 

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12 Nov 2007 / 2 Kislev 5768 0