From 1929, The Jewish Agency has facilitated the Aliyah (immigration to Israel) of more than three million Jews. Included in this number are hundreds of thousands of Jews who had to be rescued from all around the world, especially from warzones, countries without diplomatic ties to the State of Israel, and other places where Jewish lives were in peril.
During the British Mandate period, before the establishment of the State of Israel, The Jewish Agency brought hundreds of thousands of Jews to the Holy Land through clandestine immigration, by way of sea. Tens of thousands of children were brought to Israel through the Aliyat HaNo’ar (“Youth Aliyah”) organization (1933) and in Operation Children of Tehran (1943). Established in 1939, HaMossad LeAliyah Bet (“The Institution for Aliyah B”) was a rescue mission for Jews trapped in burning Europe.
Since Israel’s establishment in 1948, The Jewish Agency has served as the primary organization facilitating Aliyah from countries with which the State of Israel does not maintain diplomatic relations, including various countries in the Middle East, North Africa, Eastern Europe, and elsewhere.
During the first years of Israel’s existence, the country absorbed hundreds of thousands of new immigrants. In 1949, The Jewish Agency brought 3,800 Yemenite Jews to Israel as part of Operation Magic Carpet. In 1951, 110,000 Iraqi Jews came to Israel as part of Operation Ezra and Nehemiah. In 1991, Operation Solomon saw 14,300 Ethiopian Jews airlifted to Israel in only 36 hours. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, The Jewish Agency has overseen the Aliyah of more than a million Jews from that region. Our historic mission of bringing Ethiopia's Jewish community to Israel is now nearing completion.
The Jewish Agency continues to bring all Jews who seek a better, more secure future to the State of Israel.
More about Aliyah of Rescue
Since Moshe Nahari’s murder, 113 Jews have made Aliyah